Gambling involves betting something of value on the outcome of a game or event that has some element of chance. This could be anything from scratchcards and fruit machines to games of cards or even horse races and football matches. It is common for people to gamble for money but it can also be for items of a personal nature, such as jewellery or family heirlooms.
People may have a problem with gambling when it becomes destructive to their lives. This can include harm to their health, work, relationships and finances. Problem gambling may also lead to self-harm or even suicide. People who are concerned about the gambling habits of a loved one should seek help immediately.
Why people gamble
Some people develop a problem with gambling because they have a genetic predisposition to thrill-seeking behaviour and impulsivity. Some people may also have a disorder that affects how their brain processes rewards and controls impulses. The condition may be triggered by trauma or other events in a person’s life and symptoms can start at any age.
Gambling is an activity that can be very addictive. It triggers the reward centre of the brain and causes a person to feel pleasure. This can cause a person to feel compelled to gamble, even when they are losing money. Several types of therapy can help with this, including cognitive-behaviour therapy and psychotherapy.
Symptoms of a gambling problem include a desire to continue gambling, despite financial loss, social isolation and trouble sleeping. People may also experience depressive episodes and feelings of shame and guilt. There is a link between gambling and suicide and people who are worried about someone else’s risk of suicide should contact 999 or go to A&E immediately.
How to avoid gambling addiction
Getting help for gambling problems is not easy. It can be a long process and relapses are common. It is important to seek support from friends and family, and address any other mental health issues that may be causing problems. Medications are available to treat some conditions that can cause gambling addiction, but they are not effective for everyone. It is also important to learn healthy ways to manage stress and find alternative activities to spend time on.
It is recommended to never gamble more than you can afford to lose and always check your bankroll before gambling. It is also important to stick to a time limit when gambling. It can be easy to spend more than you intended, especially if you are having fun and enjoying yourself.
If you are concerned about your own gambling or the gambling habits of a friend or family member, there are many organisations that can offer support and advice. The services that they provide vary but usually include help to control gambling, access debt advice and treatment for gambling disorders. Some of these organisations also offer counselling for friends and family affected by a loved one’s gambling problems. They can help them to understand what has happened and find a way forward.